Kennermerduinen, selective pictures taken during corona year, 2020-2021

Contents:

(Click on pictures for full view at high resolution)

European Bison

Four year, dominant bull on the trail. Born in the Czech Republic. Eye contact.

European bison (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_bison) is a cross-breed between the now extinct step bison (extinct mid-late Holocene, 7 to 3 thousand years ago) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steppe_bison) and a minority of aurochs (“oeros”, oldest 2 mln years ago, extinct 1627) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurochs).

Analysis of mitochondrial genomes and nuclear DNA revealed that the wisent is theoretically the descendant of a species which arose as a result of hybridisation between the extinct steppe bison (Bison priscus) and the ancestors of the aurochs (Bos primigenius), since their genetic material contains up to 10% aurochs DNA sequences”

Signals to watch when “walking with bisons”, based on Arctic muskox herds and lonely bulls (also see: https://www.treks.org/a_muskox.htm):

  1. Eye contact (fine, but are you not to close?)

  2. Head down (not good, you are too close)

  3. Snoring (risky)

  4. Hooves scraping the ground (very risky)

  5. Charge at 40-60 km per hour for 10-20 m (not to late)

  6. Full charge, you will fly into the air (too late)


On the trail, relaxed, scratching against bugs in the hide.

At the wisentuitkijkpunt, West of Overveen, eye contact.

At the wisentuitkijkpunt, West of Overveen, rare snow conditions. Eye contact.

On the trail. Relaxed.

North-West the wisentuitkijkpunt near the fence, West of Overveen

Same. “Indian sneaking up to buffalo”.

At the wisentuitkijkpunt, West of Overveen.

At the wisentuitkijkpunt, West of Overveen. Typical open forest maintained by big grazers.

Close-up.

Konik's Horses

Konik's horses, see (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conic)

The Conic is a Polish horse breed descending from very hardy horses from the Biłgoraj region. The Konik shares mitochondrial DNA with many other domesticated horse breeds and their Y-DNA is nearly identical.[5][6]

Currently, the herd consists of some 40 horses.

Cremer Lake

Cremer Lake

Horses, East of Cremer Lake. High fresh grass after the spring rains.

North of Parnassia and the cycle path in a wet dune depression, behind the first dune row.

Same.

Green route with a panoramic view between the Noorderweg Oost and the Dronkeldelweg, 1 km North-West of the Oosterplas.

Around 20 Koninks horses at the rewilded (since at least 40 years) Duinlust Park.

Konink's horses at the rewilded (since at least 40 years) Duinlust Park pool, the old hospital pool for revalidating patients.

Black ponies, removed after 2007. On the lake 500 m North-West of Cremer Lake, across from the near the bird watcher shelter.

Scottish Highland Cattle

( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Highland_cattle )

The Highland (Scottish GaelicBò GhàidhealachScotsHielan coo) is a Scottish breed of rustic cattle. It originated in the Scottish Highlands and the Outer Hebrides islands of Scotland and has long horns and a long shaggy coat. It is a hardy breed, bred to withstand the intemperate conditions in the region. The first herd-book dates from 1885.”

Herd, in a wet dune depression East of Parnassia.

Bull around 1995, in a wet dune depression East of Parnassia. Removed after conflicts with walkers that don't keep a distance.

Calf.

Cremer Lake.

East of Cremer Lake. Dunes are recently cleared.

West of Duin en Kruidberg. High fresh grass after the spring rains.

500 meter North-West of Cremer Lake, near the bird watcher shelter.

Deer

Waterleidingsduinen, back of deer, camouflage.

Deer fleeing using the lagune, 1.5 km North of Paranassia. They could have used the bushes but decided for a safer route. Wolves are much slower in water, instinct.

Deer at the HBS hocky club.

Other animals

Squirrel, small side trail, East of the Oosterplas.

Hazelworm ( Dutch) = Slow Worm (English), not a snake but a lizzard species without legs. North-East of the house close to the Noorderweg Oost and cycle path.

Lizzard = zandhagedis (in Dutch), camouflaged. Centre of picture (click on picture to enlarge, it is there!). East of Cremerlake, side trail, 200 m North-West of the cycle path/Olmenpad bench. Clearing the dunes on behalve of the lizard seems to work.

Pre 1900 Houses

Santpoord-Zuid.

Santpoord-Zuid.

Beech trees

A natural forest in this region is dominated by beech trees. Sooner or later, they will push out the planted pine and poplar trees. Even the oak trees will be pushed out once the forest becomes denser by lack of grazing animals keeping the small trees down.

The best examples are found on the most Eastern dune row West of Santpoord, along the hotel estate Duin and Kruidberg. Some parts of the forest seem undisturbed for the last 200 years.

( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beech )

The primeval beech forests of the Carpathians are also an example of a singular, complete, and comprehensive forest dominated by a single tree species - the beech tree. Forest dynamics here were allowed to proceed without interruption or interference since the last ice age. Nowadays, they are amongst the last pure beech forests in Europe to document the undisturbed postglacial repopulation of the species, which also includes the unbroken existence of typical animals and plants. These virgin beech forests, along with similar forests across 12 countries in continental Europe, were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.”

Winter. Few hundred meters West of Duin en Kruidberg.

Summer.

Beech trees at most Eastern dune row along the now closed (and re-wilded) Jachtlustpark. Summer. South of Duin en Kruidberg.

Waterleidingduinen, near the “De Oasis” entrance.

Other trees

Medusa Oak, 1.5 km West of Duin en Kruidberg, along the blue trail, along the “Jagtlustweg”. This type of tree with many branches originates from fire wood cuttings.

Tree trunk of an oak tree, along a side trail, North of the Oosterplas. Moss forms during a wet winter.